Water Security & Groundwater -The invisible vital resource. Stop its illegal mining?

Sustainable Agriculture, MSME & Green Value Chain Finance | Priority Sector Finance | Manoj Rawat, ValueFin India

Water Security & Groundwater -The invisible vital resource. Stop its illegal mining?

Water Security & Groundwater – The invisible vital resource.

Groundwater essentially remains ungoverned. How do stop its illegal mining?

Water security is now widely recognised as one of the major challenges to India’s economic and social development. Groundwater management is key to survival of India.

Groundwater is a critical resource in India, accounting for over 65% of irrigation water and 85% of drinking water supplies.

We have over- exploited the groundwater to the extent that our generation has started mining the water which should have been earmarked and preserved for our “Grand Children”.

India is Largest Groundwater use of world

India is the largest groundwater user in the world, with an estimated usage of around 230 cubic kilometers per year, more than a quarter of the global total. Groundwater is vital for poverty alleviation and economic growth in India; more than 60 percent of irrigated agriculture in the country is dependent on groundwater, and a significant proportion of rural and urban domestic water supply is derived from it. The phenomenal growth in the exploitation of groundwater has largely been through the construction of millions of private wells, and hence has been curiously furtive in nature – the private tapping of a concealed resource, away from public oversight and government regulation. There is an urgent need to change the status quo. The rapidly falling groundwater tables in many parts of India present serious and immediate human development and economic challenges.

Unprecedented level of over exploitation and mining

India presents a unique case, with a globally unprecedented level of exploitation of groundwater bodies in a wide range of settings, requiring the formulation of adaptable, context-specific solutions. The issue of power subsidies to farmers has undoubtedly been a major driver of Ground water exploitation and requires careful handling. Politically pragmatic resolution of the energy–groundwater nexus is important for ensuring the viability and sustainability of both groundwater-based agriculture and the electricity sector in India

Unsustainable groundwater depletion is a very serious issue. Groundwater is a classic example of a ‘public good’ – a resource where it is difficult to exclude potential users and it is not in the self-interest of the individual to use the resource in a collectively beneficial manner:

In India, however, it would seem almost impossible for the national government to manage the estimated 30 million groundwater extraction structures already in existence.

Certain guiding principles to prevent further over exploitation and mining of water

  1. Community-based groundwater management
  2. Participatory engagement should be the core focus of community-based groundwater management investments.
  3. Community-based groundwater management needs state engagement
  4. Pragmatic policies can strengthen community-based groundwater management
  5. Promoting conjunctive use in agriculture.
  6. Integrating groundwater in urban water supply planning.
  7. Targeted regulation of groundwater use
  8. Technical and political solutions to agricultural power pricing
  9. Develop credible mechanisms that can directly influence groundwater development & use

Economic Consequences

  1. Failing the Millennium Development Goals for drinking water
  2. Deteriorating livelihoods, food security, and agricultural productivity
  3. Environmental degradation
  4. Climate change

The link from water to food security and health in India compels urgent solutions to the unsustainable levels of demand for its dwindling groundwater supplies.

Manoj Rawat


The views expressed in this article are purely personal.

Blog http://manojrawat.com

Email: mkrawat@gmail.com


Twitter : @TheManojRawat


2 Responses

  1. nike react says:

    I simply wanted to compose a small remark to thank you for all of the remarkable advice you are giving at this site. My considerable internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with really good facts to write about with my family. I ‘d point out that many of us website visitors actually are unquestionably lucky to dwell in a notable community with many lovely professionals with good points. I feel pretty blessed to have seen your entire web pages and look forward to many more brilliant minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  2. golden goose says:

    I want to convey my affection for your kind-heartedness in support of those people that really want help with that theme. Your real dedication to getting the solution across ended up being pretty good and has in every case empowered workers just like me to realize their aims. Your amazing warm and friendly guidelines denotes much a person like me and further more to my peers. With thanks; from all of us.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.